Diabetes – Symptoms and causes

Diabetes mellitus is an illness in which blood glucose is elevated (blood sugar) and cells remain hungry for sugar.

Because for some reason, glucose can not flow from the blood into the cells.

These are two reasons: either there is not enough insulin to introduce glucose into the cell, or it has enough insulin, but the cell is less responsive to its effect.

When there is not enough insulin then this type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease usually triggered by a viral infection where the body began to destroy the pancreas in which insulin is produced.

Another type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, which is caused by the fact that the cells react less often to the effect of insulin.

The most common cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity. It can be well controlled by a special diet for diabetics which implies maintaining normal body mass. If this health condition is “discontinued”, medicines are necessary, first antidiadetic, and later insulin.

Unsustainable diabetes leads to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.


Diabetes is a disease that has long gone without symptoms.

The first signs of increased urination and increased thirst, the smell of urine on acetone and the suction of acetone. Blood glucose is then greater than 10 (11) mmol / L.

Too much water is lost due to increased urination. The organism dehydrates and intrudes into a hyper-glycogenic coma, which is a life-threatening condition.

When blood glucose is less than 6-10mmol / L, no symptoms or entry into the hyperglycemic coma.

Diabetes mellitus is an illness in which blood glucose is elevated (blood sugar) and cells remain hungry for sugar.

The disease progresses abruptly, and the increased sugar in time irreversibly damages the nerves and blood vessels and can lead to: hypertension, heart failure, stroke, snoring, gangrene, severe kidney damage, increases susceptibility to infections, and reduces feelings of pain, so diabetics often do not pain during an infarction and do not turn to the doctor, and the help of the doctor in the first hours after the infarction is most important.

The blood glucose level varies, and with it the symptoms.

Risk factors
Viral infections
Preternious intake of sugary sugars such as candy, white sugar, carbonated juices
Insufficient physical activity
Someone in the family had diabetes
How to deal with the problem

The best way to prevent and mitigate the progression of the disease is a mild, healthy lifestyle – proper nutrition (prescribed by a dietitian or endocrinologist, and designed by a dietician-nutritionist), proper physical activity (prescribed by a physician, and a physiotherapist), regular therapy, regular systematic and scheduled control reviews.

Proper nutrition should be such as to maintain optimal body mass and provide all necessary nutrients in optimal quantities.

Reduce the amount of carbon monoxide hydrate (candy, white sugar), and increase the intake of plant fibers (ovary, wheat flakes).

It is necessary to regularly control: blood glucose, and urine glucose and acetone

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